Commentaries & Articles
Africa: Looking Back at 2021 and Likely Trends in 2022
For the second year in a row, countries across the world battled to cope with the negative economic impacts of covid. Though African continent handled the initial impacts of Covid-19 relatively well, in 2021 it suffered immensely from Covid-19 outbreaks and the resulting lockdowns. While governments across the continent took several measures including complete economic lockdown to stop the spread of the mutating virus, people struggled to come up with the devastating loss of life and livelihoods.
Distilling a Strategic Vision for the Future
In all ages, major geopolitical events, wars and warfare has been an important topic of analysis, mostly by historians, as post-script. Can these be predicted, in their likelihood, broad timeframe, typology and the likely political and military end-states? Have eminent strategicians and thinkers been able to forecast strategic future to accuracy? The assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand was unanticipated, as was the subsequent crisis that triggered the First World War.
Likely Geopolitical Trends in 2022
We should expect a sharpening of great power rivalries and an increase in geopolitical tensions in 2022. If 2021 provides any indications, the world is likely to remain turbulent in the absence of credible mechanisms and effective cooperation to resolve global challenges. As geopolitical tensions grow, the arms race may deepen, particularly in outer space. The test of a hypersonic glide vehicle and anti-satellite (ASAT) test by Russia which created over a thousand pieces of debris is an indication. Hybrid wars, cyber attacks are likely to intensify in the near fixture.
नेपाल-भारत की कनेक्टिविटी परियोजनाओं में तेजी
भारत ने 22 अक्टूबर को जयनगर-कुर्था सीमा पार रेल लाइन नेपाल को सौंप दिया। इससे दोनों देशों के बीच वस्तुओं की ढुलाई, सेवाओं के सुचारु होने और लोगों की आवाजाही में काफी सहुलियत होने की उम्मीद है। एक बार नेपाल सरकार द्वारा इस से संबंधित कानूनी बाधाओं को दूर करने और आवश्यक रसद का प्रबंधन करने के बाद यह रेल लाइन चालू हो जाएगी।
Covid’s Impact: Likely Trends in 2022
About 5.8 million people reportedly died globally due to covid[1]. The unreported number is much higher. The world struggled to come out with a comprehensive, coordinated, effective response to the Covid pandemic crisis. The invention of vaccines was a major achievement. The vaccines have helped to mitigate the pandemic's impact but there is considerable uncertainty about their efficacy against potential new variants of the virus.
Third Edition of India-Central Asia Dialogue: Bolstering India’s Central Asia Policy
Introduction
Central Asia’s geostrategic importance stands increased with the recent developments in Afghanistan. Two major powers, i.e., Russia and China continue to maintain their influence in the region while the US and West still need to work on their strategy in Central Asia.
Assessing Kim Jong Un’s 10-year Rule and Possible Future
The month December 2021 marked the 10th anniversary of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un’s ascent to power following death of his father, the late Kim Jong Il, on 17 December 2011. He ruled from 1994 to 2011 and died of a heart attack at the age of 69. At that time when the 20 years+ young assumed the leadership of the authoritarian state, doubts were raised almost immediately by North Korean watchers if the young leader had the real potential to rule and thus widely felt that his rule will be short-lived.
VIF News Digests
China Daily Digest
January 24, 2022
China: Daily Scan, January 24, 2022

Chinese economy gets off to a good start in 14th Five-Year Plan period: Quishi January 24, 2022 Thanks to the efforts of the...

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Neighbourhood News
January 24, 2022
VIF Neighbourhood News Digest: January 24, 2022

Afghanistan Ministry Says Schools to Open for All in Spring: Tolo News Two days after Thomas West’s remarks on girls’...

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Global Developments And Analysis: Weekly Monitor
January 18, 2022
Global Developments and Analysis: Weekly Monitor, 10 January 2022 - 16 January 2022

Economic China growth figures reveal need for swift policy responses China has just posted a record annual trade surplus...

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Africa Now
January 24, 2022
Africa Now - Weekly Newsletter (Week 4, 2022)

Welcome to Africa Now, your weekly newsletter for Africa, presenting the most important developments in the continent - news...

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Defense, National Security and Terrorism, VIF Alerts
January 3, 2022
VIF News Digest: National Security - Defence Studies & Terrorism, 16-31 December 2021

DEFENCE Third Annual Defence Dialogue between India and France. New generation ballistic missile successfully test-fired...

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International Development
July 3, 2021
VIF News Digest: International Developments (US, Europe and Russia), 16-30 June 2021

I. UNITED STATES Politics and Society Biden, Putin say progress made in Geneva but gulfs on issues remain, 16 June 2021...

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VIF Cyber Review
January 7, 2022
VIF Cyber Review: December 2021

NATIONAL Government to set up a unified Cyber Security Task Force by March 2022 Considering the growing threat of cyber-...

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Myanmar Round Up
January 15, 2022
Myanmar Round Up - December 2021

The ongoing conflict in the country between the military and opposition forces has resulted in a number of deaths and...

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West Asia Round Up
January 24, 2022
West Asia Round Up – December 2021

Abstract: 2021 ended on a promising note for the region as rapprochement and reconciliation among major rivals was achieved...

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China URL Archive
Global Development and Analysis - Url Archive
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About Us

The Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) is a New Delhi-based think tank set up with the collaborative efforts of India's leading security experts, diplomats and philanthropists under the aegis of the Vivekananda Kendra. The VIF’s objective is to become a centre of excellence to kick start innovative ideas and thoughts that can lead to a stronger, secure and prosperous India playing its destined role in global affairs.

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