Commentaries & Articles
Significance of Launching Central Bank Digital Currency by RBI
Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) decisive move to initially discount the growing promises and popularity of crypto currency in India is quite praiseworthy. In a highly uncertain, volatile and non-transparent global financial regime, adoption of cryptos as a currency runs the risk of putting Indian economy into jeopardy. What instead worth considering was a controlled, transparent and reliable digital currency such as Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) to take care of the financial activities of Indian economy vis-à-vis global economy.
Chinese President Jiang Zemin’s Demise Reveals Extent of Discontent in China
Recent events have confirmed the considerable subterranean discontent in China. The death of former Chinese President Jiang Zemin, who was handpicked by the late Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping to steer the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the country in the immediate aftermath of the Tiananmen massacre in 1989, has occurred at a critical time for Chinese President Xi Jinping. It complicates an already difficult situation when numerous cities across the country have witnessed protests against the stringent restrictions to implement the zero-Covid policy and the economic situation is worsening.
India’s SCO Presidency and its implications for India-Central Asia connectivity
 India became a permanent member of SCO in 2017. Since joining, New Delhi has made a substantial contribution to this organisation by raising certain critical concerns relating to connectivity, transportation, regional security, and economic growth and development. The Islamic Republic of Iran joined the SCO as a permanent member during the most recent SCO summit, making it the largest regional organisation in terms of area and GDP. For 2022–2023, India will be the SCO's chair.
Pakistan: Bhutto Legacy
Pakistani Foreign Minister Bilawal Bhutto Zardari in his outburst against India at the UN Security Council mentioned that Osama Bin Laden is dead. He forgot to mention that Osama died after enjoying a safe haven in Pakistan for a decade. Earlier, the Al Qaeda leader was hosted in Afghanistan by the Taliban, who were a creation of the Benazir Bhutto government. Their mentor was Lt. General Nasrullah Khan, Interior Minister in her government; the cadres were provided by Madrassas run by Jamaite Ulema -e-Islam i.e. JUI (F) leader Maulana Fazlur Rehman. JUI was an alliance partner of the PPP.
US-China Tech Rivalry: Pentagon Report on China’s Emerging Technology Strategy
On 29 November 2022, the US Department of Defence released the 2022 annual report on “Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China” in which “China’s drive to dominate emerging technologies” figure prominently. Though previous Pentagon reports mentioned about the growing challenge posed by China and Beijing’s race to develop cutting-edge technologies. The 2022 report underscores China’s determined pursuit of ‘superiority’ and ‘drive to dominate’ in the emerging technologies.
Personal Data Protection Bill, 2022
In this VIF Podcast, Dr Gulshan Rai, Distinguished Fellow, VIF and Anurag Sharma, Senior Research Associate at the VIF discuss the various features of the Personal Data Protection (PDP) Bill, including the categorisation of personal data and rules of its use and storage as per the Indian framework for data privacy and protection.
A Possibility of Fractured Democracy in Myanmar - 2023
The Myanmar military has started its preparations for conducting the next general election in 2023. A pertinent question for the current political crisis is what will be the future of Myanmar’s political system in 2023 and thereafter? Since the military takeover, the opposition forces under the National United Government (NUG) view themselves as an alternative to military rule. Even the EAOs have felt alienated from the political process and have stepped up their efforts at expanding administrative and judicial control.
VIF News Digests
China Daily Digest
December 30, 2022
China: Daily Scan, December 30, 2022

State Council appoints, removes officials: Xinhuanet December 29, 2022 The State Council, China's cabinet, announced the...

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Neighbourhood News
February 7, 2023
Neighborhood News Digest – 07 February 2023

Afghanistan Saudi diplomats leave Afghanistan, relocate to Pakistani capital -sources – The Print Saudi diplomats have left...

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Global Developments And Analysis: Weekly Monitor
February 1, 2023
Global Developments and Analysis: Weekly Monitor, 23 January - 29 January, 2023

Economic China’s debt-based interest payments top a trillion yuan for first time, raising concerns about financial risks...

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Africa Now
February 6, 2023
Africa Now - Weekly Newsletter (Week 6, 2023)

Welcome to Africa Now, your weekly newsletter for Africa, presenting the most important developments in the continent - news...

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Defense, National Security and Terrorism, VIF Alerts
January 17, 2023
VIF News Digest: National Security - Defence Studies & Terrorism, 01-15 January 2023

DEFENCE 63rd National Defence College (NDC) Course commences. India and Pakistan exchanged the list of nuclear...

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Science and Technology
January 19, 2023
Science and Technology (S&T) Digest, 01-15 January 2023, Issue 5

In this Issue I. Defence and Security DAC Approves AoN for Three Capital Acquisition Proposals Keel Laying of the Two...

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VIF Cyber Review
January 16, 2023
VIF Cyber Review: December 2022

NATIONAL Minister for Electronics and IT launched ‘Stay Safe Online’ campaign & ‘G20 Digital Innovation Alliance’ as...

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Myanmar Round Up
January 9, 2023
Myanmar Round Up- December 2022

As the country proceeds with the election year 2023, the military and its part Union Solidarity Development Party (USDP) are...

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West Asia Round Up
January 16, 2023
West Asia Roundup-December 2022

Abstract: For West Asia, 2022 ended with a hectic diplomatic activity. Crown Prince and Prime Minister Mohammed Bin Salman (...

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China URL Archive
Global Development and Analysis - Url Archive
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The Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) is a New Delhi-based think tank set up with the collaborative efforts of India's leading security experts, diplomats and philanthropists under the aegis of the Vivekananda Kendra. The VIF’s objective is to become a centre of excellence to kick start innovative ideas and thoughts that can lead to a stronger, secure and prosperous India playing its destined role in global affairs.

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