Commentaries & Articles
The Impact of the Marikana Massacre: ‘Plus ca change, plus c’est la même chose’
Context This August 2022 will be the 10th year of the Marikana Massacre. After a week of protracted protest, on August 16, 2012, South African Police shot at labourers of a platinum mine, resulting in 34 fatalities and 78 injuries. Marikana platinum mine, lying 90 kilometres northwest of Johannesburg, is owned by London based Lonmin Group, and the group employs 29,000 workers in South Africa.[1] This horrific incident, caused by police violence, is reminiscent of the Sharpeville Massacre of March 1960.
“Victory Day” Parade: One year of a Pyrrhic Victory for the Taliban
The impact of the Taliban’s one-year rule in Afghanistan differs across regions and countries. The impression on South Asia was more distinct than on any other region. In South Asia, Pakistan and Afghanistan bore the burden of the Taliban’s takeover in the form of rising militant violence in the border regions, victorious jihadist narratives, cross-border flow of refugees, struggling economies and human rights violations. The extremist narratives increased rampantly around the South Asian region.
The Future of Ground Based Air Defence

Setting the Perspective

Introduction
This work carries the author’s perception of the required ‘future face of the nation’s Ground Based Air Defence (GBAD) which will be capable of countering the futuristic threats from our potential adversaries.
India's Clean Energy Transition
In this episode of the VIF podcast, Mr PK Khup Hangzo, Associate Fellow and Ambassador DP Srivastava, Distinguished Fellow at the Vivekananda International Foundation discuss the ongoing clean energy transition and what it means for India and the world going forward. Clean energy transition refers to a shift from fossil-based systems of energy production and consumption - including oil, natural gas and coal - to renewable energy sources like wind and solar, as well as lithium-ion batteries.
Biden’s visit to M.E., Energy Crisis and Recession
The sharp increase in oil prices following the Ukraine war brought President Biden to Saudi Arabia. This was seen as a departure from the position taken by candidate Biden during his election campaign when he had criticized the Crown Prince and threatened to make the Saudi Kingdom a pariah state. The Crown Prince promised an increase in production. But the increase of 1,00,000 barrels per day announced subsequently by OPEC +[1] was rather disappointing. It was the smallest increase by that grouping in recent years.
Financial Stability Board of the G20: Emerging Vulnerabilities to Global Financial Stability
Set up by the G20 in 2009, the Financial Stability board (FSB) is venerable institution with a responsibility to assess the vulnerabilities in the global financial system and suggest measures to deal with them. It coordinates the actions of the central banks and international standards setting bodies and develops effective regulatory, supervisory, and other financial sector policies that promote financial stability.
Kishida Needs to Explain Japan’s Nuclear Future – Part II
Prime Minister Fumio Kishida’s tasks are cut out. He has to navigate between his anti-nuclear position as a native of Hiroshima and adopting a pragmatic approach on the country’s security. When he addressed the NPT Review Conference in New York, he stressed on striking a balance between the harsh reality of the prevailing security environment and a world without nuclear weapons. What Kishida lacked was elaborating the details of the roadmap he has in mind for an ideal world.
VIF News Digests
China Daily Digest
September 26, 2022
China: Daily Scan, September 26, 2022

Chinese FM expounds on right way for China, U.S. to develop relations in new era: Xinhuanet September 23, 2022 Chinese State...

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Neighbourhood News
September 26, 2022
VIF Neighbourhood News Digest: September 26, 2022

Afghanistan Blast kills 1, wounds 3 in Afghanistan's Badakhshan province - Dajji World One person was killed and three...

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Global Developments And Analysis: Weekly Monitor
September 20, 2022
Global Developments and Analysis: Weekly Monitor, 12 September - 18 September 2022

Economic World Bank Warns of Global Recession Next Year if Central Banks Lift Interest Rates Too High Central banks’ efforts...

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Africa Now
September 26, 2022
Africa Now - Weekly Newsletter (Week 39, 2022)

Welcome to Africa Now, your weekly newsletter for Africa, presenting the most important developments in the continent - news...

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Defense, National Security and Terrorism, VIF Alerts
September 21, 2022
VIF News Digest: National Security - Defence Studies & Terrorism, 01-15 September 2022

DEFENCE Indian Army Contingent Participates in Exercise Vostok- 2022. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi commissions India’...

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International Development
July 3, 2021
VIF News Digest: International Developments (US, Europe and Russia), 16-30 June 2021

I. UNITED STATES Politics and Society Biden, Putin say progress made in Geneva but gulfs on issues remain, 16 June 2021...

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VIF Cyber Review
September 15, 2022
VIF Cyber Review: August 2022

National Telecom equipment manufacturers respond enthusiastically to the design-led incentive programme Indian Prime...

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Myanmar Round Up
September 16, 2022
Myanmar Round-Up: August 2022

In a dismal turn of events, Myanmar’s military chief, Senior General Min Aung Hlaing extended the state of emergency by...

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West Asia Round Up
September 19, 2022
West Asia Roundup: August 2022

Abstract: Suffering from fury of floods and failings of the economy and fast depleting forex reserves, Islamabad once again...

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China URL Archive
Global Development and Analysis - Url Archive
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The Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) is a New Delhi-based think tank set up with the collaborative efforts of India's leading security experts, diplomats and philanthropists under the aegis of the Vivekananda Kendra. The VIF’s objective is to become a centre of excellence to kick start innovative ideas and thoughts that can lead to a stronger, secure and prosperous India playing its destined role in global affairs.

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