VIF Briefs
The China-Solomon Islands Bilateral Security Pact

In April 2022, China and the Solomon Islands signed a bilateral defence pact. The signing of this deal has caused great distress within Australia and the US, drawing sharp reactions from both the countries. The news of possible pact of this kind...

Language of ‘Dharma’ in a World of ‘Right-Duty’ Discourses

Human rights dry up without a language of human duties, which have consequences for the right protection demands itself. But again, the language of human duties withers without a language of Dharma. This article argues that it is a crisis that...

Decoding Russia's 'Missing' Cyberwar Amid War in Ukraine

… impact of cyber operations is missing ... Russian cyber operations lean towards low-cost disruption efforts that rely on cyber patriots and criminal hackers than their ability to carry out sophisticated degradation campaigns. Cyber is an...

Semiconductor FABs: A National Mission

… improvements in semiconductor and related technologies would have direct impact on the security, economy, society, and human society ... chip dependent systems would contribute substantially towards the comprehensive power of the nations and...

Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) in Nepal: Facts, Disputes, and the US-China Contest

In the past two months, Nepal’s political space had been marred by upheavals and doubts over the future of the ruling alliance between the Nepali Congress, Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Center)/Maoist Party, and Communist Party of Nepal (...

Turkey’s Role as a Regional Actor in Central Asia: An Assessment

Central Asia’s geostrategic location at the crossroads of East and West has shaped substantial geopolitical rivalries in the region. Even though the region is within Russia’s sphere of influence, China has made significant advances in Central...

India-Central Asia: Defence and Security Cooperation

Central Asia has emerged as an important geopolitical space after the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991. Its geostrategic location at the crossroads of East and West, South, Central, and West Asia has often resulted in the spread of...

Space 2.0: Prospects for Quad Collaboration

It has been 64 years since the launch of the world’s first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1 that officially marked the dawn of humanity’s ever-growing fascination with exploring the vast reaches of outer space. From launching manned missions,...

India-Maldives Policy Brief

The Maldives has attracted international attention due to the increased importance of the Indian Ocean and the Indo-Pacific region. India-Maldives relations have made immense progress in the past years. The relations have seen significant...

Resilient Rare-Earth Supply Chains: Whither Quad?

The ubiquitous iPhone is perhaps the most commonly cited example used to showcase the globalized nature of supply chains. Starting from its design process in California, US, the complex supply chain for its production and assembly spans 43...

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