PK Khup Hangzo is an Associate Fellow at the Vivekananda International Foundation with a focus on internal security. Mr. Hangzo has a master’s degree in Strategic Studies from the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. He acquired this degree in 2010 through the Research Analyst Study Award, a fully funded scholarship offered by NTU.

Mr. Hangzo has also previous work experience as a Research Analyst and an Associate Research Fellow at the Centre for Non-Traditional Security (NTS) Studies at RSIS, NTU, Singapore from 2008-2014. His research interests includes transnational crime (human trafficking, drug trafficking, wildlife trafficking, and arms trafficking), ethnic conflicts and insurgencies, and the geopolitics of transboundary rivers.

Contributions 
Clean Energy Transition: Opportunities and Pitfalls of Mining the Deep-Sea for a Cleaner Future Introduction The global energy system is currently in the midst of a major transition to clean energy. However, the technologies underpinning this clean energy transition such as hybrid/electric car batteries, solar panels and wind turbines...

Floods in Assam: The Case for Rethinking Adaptation Introduction North-east India has been witnessing unusually heavy rainfall since the beginning of May. That has resulted in one of the worst floods ever recorded in Assam. As of 3 July, flood has affected 1,835,551 people in 26 out of the s...

Is India Ready to Adapt to the Impacts of Extreme Weather Events? Introduction From March to April this year, India experienced an unprecedented heatwave with many places in northern India recording temperature in excess of 45°C over extended periods of time. In all, 15 states and Union Territories (UT) ...

The War in Ukraine: Is It a Boon or a Bane for the Future of Climate Change and Clean Energy Transition? Introduction Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has prompted a major rethink in the energy policies of countries worldwide and it lent more political momentum to faster deployment of renewable energy and decarbonization. For European countries ...

VIF Papers 
Implications of China’s Hydro-Hegemony on River Yarlung Tsangpo: Another Lever of China’s Expansionist Tactics into India’s East On 11 March 2021, China’s parliament, the National People’s Congress, endorsed a plan to build a ‘super dam’ on the lower reaches of the Yarlung Tsangpo River in southeastern Tibet. According to Chinese media reports, the dam will have an ins...

Book Published / Book Reviews 
From Third World to First -The Singapore Story: 1965-2000. First Edition. By Lee Kuan Yew. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 2000. 729 pp. ISBN 0-06-019776-5. Singapore has been called the 20th century’s “most successful development story” and is considered a model for economic development. Its stunning economic transformation has been described as a “miracle” and have been the subject of numerou...

Event Reports 
VIF-CICIR-CASS virtual Roundtable on “China-India Climate Change: Dynamics and the Way Forward” On 15 June 2022, Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF), China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR), and the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) organized a virtual roundtable on China-India Climate Change: Dynamics...

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