Commentaries & Articles
Pakistan’s National Security Policy 2022-26: Some New Elements but No Shift on India
The Imran Khan government has produced the country’s first ever National Security Policy (NSP) document that outlines Pakistan’s approach to national security and provides guidance to the government departments. A public version of the document has been published. Pakistan’s joins a select group of countries to have a formal national security policy document. Even India, which has had a national security council since 1999, has so far not produced such a document.
Kazakh Protests: What Next?
On the 4th 5th and 6th January 2022, Kazakhstan was convulsed by the most violent of protests since 1989. While the situation has been controlled for now by swift, strong state action, the event is likely to have wide-ranging internal, regional and global ramifications. The protests began in the oil city of Zhanaozen and on the Caspian coast but quickly turned violent and spread to most parts of Kazakhstan including Almaty, the former capital of the country. The presidential house was set ablaze there by the protestors. Nearly 160 people died and 10,000 protestors have been arrested.
Terrorism Studies (National): Review of 2021 & Projections for 2022
Despite the outbreak of the China-origin coronavirus aka COVID-19 in late 2019 and the continuation of this fatal virus spread globally in 2020, the year 2021 has witnessed the continuation in the terrorism-related incidents, linked directly or indirectly, with several geopolitical events worldwide. This write-up is the first part of the ‘Year-End Review’ series on terrorism-related developments in India (national) and worldwide (international).
कोरिया में परमाणु ऊर्जा संयंत्रों को चरणबद्ध तरीके से समाप्त करने की मून की योजना
दक्षिण कोरिया के राष्ट्रपति मून जे-इन के लिए समय भागा जा रहा है क्योंकि उनका कार्यकाल इसी वर्ष मई में समाप्त हो रहा है। इसके पहले उनके समक्ष दो मुद्दे हैं, जिनका वे समाधान करना चाहते हैं। हालांकि वे दोनों के दोनों ही कठिन हैं। एक, उत्तर कोरिया से बातचीत करना है। इसके लिए उत्तर कोरिया के नेता किम जोंग-उन को परमाणुकरण प्रक्रिया पर चर्चा के लिए बातचीत की मेज पर लाना है। और, दूसरा पहले की तुलना में अधिक चुनौतीपूर्ण है और वह यह कि द.कोरिया के कुल ऊर्जा मिश्रण से परमाणु ऊर्जा संयंत्रों को को चरणबद्ध तरीके से समाप्त करने का उनका निर्णय है। इनमें, पहली चुनौती काफी समय से रही है और इसीलिए उसे इतनी जल्द
Restructuring Power Equation: Rise of Indigenists means fall of Communism in Nepal
Ever since the end of the autocratic Rana regime in Nepal in 1951, the country has had seven constitutions. Yet, none of the constitutions survived for more than a decade or so in this country. During the last seven decades, the country witnessed different political systems varying from absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy and further to the republican system. Similarly, the country also experimented with a party-less form of the political regime under the “Panchayat system,” apart from the multi-party parliamentary system based on the Westminster model.
West Asia: Review of 2021 and Preview of 2022
Amb. Anil Trigunayat, Distinguished Fellow at VIF briefs about the upcoming trends in West Asia in 2022; discusses the reasons for reconciliatory atmosphere; identifies the conflict faultlines, and talks about the possible areas of cooperation for India in the region.
Views of Chinese Experts on Sino-US Relations
As China’s economic situation becomes more difficult and its aggressive policies increase tensions in its neighbourhood, the Chinese leadership is concerned at the turn that its relations with the US are taking. This has generated renewed discussion on ways to try and mend the relationship, still acknowledged as the most significant of China’s bilateral ties and one that has immensely facilitated China’s rise.
VIF News Digests
China Daily Digest
January 24, 2022
China: Daily Scan, January 24, 2022

Chinese economy gets off to a good start in 14th Five-Year Plan period: Quishi January 24, 2022 Thanks to the efforts of the...

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Neighbourhood News
January 24, 2022
VIF Neighbourhood News Digest: January 24, 2022

Afghanistan Ministry Says Schools to Open for All in Spring: Tolo News Two days after Thomas West’s remarks on girls’...

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Global Developments And Analysis: Weekly Monitor
January 18, 2022
Global Developments and Analysis: Weekly Monitor, 10 January 2022 - 16 January 2022

Economic China growth figures reveal need for swift policy responses China has just posted a record annual trade surplus...

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Africa Now
January 24, 2022
Africa Now - Weekly Newsletter (Week 4, 2022)

Welcome to Africa Now, your weekly newsletter for Africa, presenting the most important developments in the continent - news...

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Defense, National Security and Terrorism, VIF Alerts
January 3, 2022
VIF News Digest: National Security - Defence Studies & Terrorism, 16-31 December 2021

DEFENCE Third Annual Defence Dialogue between India and France. New generation ballistic missile successfully test-fired...

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International Development
July 3, 2021
VIF News Digest: International Developments (US, Europe and Russia), 16-30 June 2021

I. UNITED STATES Politics and Society Biden, Putin say progress made in Geneva but gulfs on issues remain, 16 June 2021...

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VIF Cyber Review
January 7, 2022
VIF Cyber Review: December 2021

NATIONAL Government to set up a unified Cyber Security Task Force by March 2022 Considering the growing threat of cyber-...

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Myanmar Round Up
January 15, 2022
Myanmar Round Up - December 2021

The ongoing conflict in the country between the military and opposition forces has resulted in a number of deaths and...

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West Asia Round Up
January 24, 2022
West Asia Round Up – December 2021

Abstract: 2021 ended on a promising note for the region as rapprochement and reconciliation among major rivals was achieved...

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China URL Archive
Global Development and Analysis - Url Archive
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About Us

The Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) is a New Delhi-based think tank set up with the collaborative efforts of India's leading security experts, diplomats and philanthropists under the aegis of the Vivekananda Kendra. The VIF’s objective is to become a centre of excellence to kick start innovative ideas and thoughts that can lead to a stronger, secure and prosperous India playing its destined role in global affairs.

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