Commentaries & Articles
US Military Assistance Package to Pakistan will have a Direct Bearing on India’s National Security
On 7 September 2022, the US notified the US Congress that it had made a “determination” approving a possible “Foreign Military Sale (FMS) to the Government of Pakistan of F-16 for sustainment and related equipment for an estimated cost of $450 million.” The decision has been taken at the request of the Pakistani government. The scope of the work, interalia, includes[1]: F-16 aircraft structural integrity, electronic combat,
भारत की स्वतंत्रता : सुभाष चन्द्र बोस और आईएनए
भारत में अंग्रेज, आजाद हिन्द फ़ौज (आईएनए) के अस्तित्व से लेकर उनसे जुड़ी हर खबर को छिपाने का प्रयास निरंतर करते रहे. परिणामस्वरूप आजाद हिन्द फ़ौज के विषय में भारतीय अंजान ही रहे. अंग्रेज आजाद हिन्द फ़ौज को जापान से प्रेरित सेना बताते थे. वे यह दर्शाने का प्रयास करते थे कि कुछ कैदी युद्ध के दौरान अंग्रेजी शासन की कठोर नीति एवं परिश्रम से बचने के लिए जापानियों से जुड़ गए थे. अंग्रेजों ने सुभाष चन्द्र बोस को स्वार्थ से प्रेरित एक असंतुष्ट व्यक्ति के रूप में दर्शाया, जब आजाद हिन्द फ़ौज का परीक्षण शुरू हुआ तब भारतीयों को इस सेना के बारे में ज्ञात हुआ.
Remembering Gorbachev
“The evil that men do lives after them; the good is oft interred with their bones.” (William Shakespeare) Mikhail Gorbachev’s passing away on 30th August has compelled observers around the world to assess his place in history. For three decades, he has cut a tragic figure, ignored and vilified, mocked and sneered at by his own people and country. The reality is far more complex, and can be appreciated only if one has an understanding of the state of the Soviet Union when Gorbachev assumed power in March 1985.
India’s G20 Presidency
In this episode of VIF podcast, Ambassador Rajiv Bhatia, Distinguished Fellow at Gateway House discusses with Samir Bhattacharya, Research Associate at the Vivekananda International Foundation on India’s upcoming G20 Presidency and the associated challenges and opportunities for India. The presidency of the G20 rotates every year among members, and Indonesia holds the current presidency. The 17th G20 Summit is scheduled to take place in Bali, in November and after the event, India will assume the presidency from 1st December 2022 till 30th November 2023.
Deterrence in Asymmetries
Ashley Tellis’s book – ‘Striking Asymmetries- Nuclear Transitions in South Asia’ has caught some media attention with commentators calling for a review of India’s nuclear doctrine and posture in view of an assessed build up of nuclear arsenals by both China and Pakistan. The report argues that India has shown remarkable self restraint despite Pakistan steadily building up warheads that exceed India’s numbers as on date. Similarly, China is expected to ramp up its nuclear arsenal sharply to deter the US as it emerges as a strategic competitor to the superpower.
The Precondition to ‘Tolerate’: Remembering Swami Vivekananda’s Wisdom on September 11
The usage of the word ‘tolerance’ could be traced back to 15th century when it denoted ‘the power or capacity of sustaining’. It evolved to receive a more political meaning in the 16th century to mean ‘action of allowing; license, permission granted by authority’ (for instance, Queen Elizabeth I might allow the Puritans to carry on with their religious practices, which she herself did not follow).[1] Thereafter, the word tolerance acquired a wider status in the English lexicon.
Impact of Climate Change on the Blue Economy of the Indian Ocean Region: Case Study of the Fisheries Sector
Over the last decade, the concept of blue economy, which refers to sustainable economic development through proper utilization of marine resources, has become widespread including in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR).
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About Us

The Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) is a New Delhi-based think tank set up with the collaborative efforts of India's leading security experts, diplomats and philanthropists under the aegis of the Vivekananda Kendra. The VIF’s objective is to become a centre of excellence to kick start innovative ideas and thoughts that can lead to a stronger, secure and prosperous India playing its destined role in global affairs.

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