National Security and Strategic Studies
Cyber Security
Book Review: Information, Cyber and Space Domain and Its Application in Future Land Warfare, Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM, KW Publishers Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi (2023), ISBN: 978-93-91490-56-0

PK Mallick, an Indian Army General, scholar warrior par excellence with his more than two decades of handling specialised domain of Information and Cyber Warfare, has mapped rapid evolution of Information, Cyber and Space aspects of land warfare. Depth of knowledge of PK Mallick makes it easier for the target audience to understand global developments in information and cyber applications in military field.

Vimarsh on “India’s G20 Presidency: Forging Actionable Agenda for Global South”

The Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) in collaboration with the India Writes Network/Centre for Global India Insights organized a Vimarsh panel discussion on “India’s G20 Presidency: Forging Actionable Agenda for Global South” on 24 February 2023. The panel discussion was aimed at identifying and exploring concrete South-centric initiatives which India can introduce and advance in the G20 agenda.

China in the Cyber Domain

China is developing cyber capacities in pursuit of its economic, political and strategic objectives. The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) of China differs considerably from its Western counterparts in its approach to cyber and network operations. It thinks that cyber and network operations occur in an information domain. Along with the technical aspects of cyber operations, the PLA combines psychological warfare in manipulating public opinion, media warfare and the legal warfare that influences legal arguments to strengthen China’s diplomatic and security position.

Decoding Russia's 'Missing' Cyberwar Amid War in Ukraine

… impact of cyber operations is missing ... Russian cyber operations lean towards low-cost disruption efforts that rely on cyber patriots and criminal hackers than their ability to carry out sophisticated degradation campaigns. Cyber is an excellent tool for sub-conventional conflict, where one is trying to hit back at the other party without escalating to a kinetic conflict. Tactical objectives are not only about disrupting services, but also about intimidation, distraction and confusion ...

Protection of National Critical Information Infrastructure

India is in the next phase of digital transformation. The digital presence of economic and national security infrastructure is growing in the country at a rapid pace. All critical infrastructures are dependent and have integrated cyber technologies for management, control, and operations. Different types of software are in use. The critical systems are under various types of cyber-attacks. The complexity and numbers of attacks against critical information infrastructureare increasingand becoming sophisticated by the day.

Deterrence Theory– Is it Applicable in Cyber Domain?

… effective cyber deterrence policies require regular, sustained disruption of malicious cyber activity. Such disruption can be technical, legal, logistical, financial, diplomatic, and, in some extreme cases, kinetic. Increasing the scope, scale and tempo of disruption activities should impose high costs on adversaries …

Cyber Weapons – A Weapon of War?

… cyber weapons will be used individually and blended simultaneously with conventional kinetic weapons as force multipliers … for both attacker and defender, it is difficult to predict; cyber weapons often achieve things other than their intended purpose … strategic calculation for attackers thus becomes considerably more complex ... over-reliance by strategists and scholars on such imprecise terminology has significant risks for misinterpretation and premature prescription ...

China’s Cyber-Influence Operations

… With its growing assertiveness in the international arena, China uses new technologies to achieve its foreign policy goals and project an image of responsible global power … spending billions on influence operations across the world ... fits in with China’s larger aim of expanding its soft power alongside its growing economic and military power … reach of Beijing’s overseas media is impressive and should not be underestimated. But the results are mixed ...

Defining China’s Intelligentized Warfare and Role of Artificial Intelligence

China feels that U.S. is its main adversary ... China is trying to match U.S. technological capabilities with its own strength in AI as a leap frog technology and a new concept of war ... But there will be lot of problems in implementing this concept of Intelligentization Warfare to reality. However, President Xi Jinping has thrown the gauntlet, and it is up to the U.S. the other adversaries and the rest of the world to follow this concept keenly.

Cyber DNA of China –Deep, Focussed and Militarised

The strategic goals reconfirmed by the CCP, in late 1970’s, included maintaining domestic stability; sustaining economic growth and development; defending national sovereignty and territorial integrity; safeguarding China’s interest world over. The focus of the Fifth, Sixth and Seventh Five year Plans, was on investing in export industries, infrastructure, adaption and investment in technology development. China began opening its economy to the outside world and embraced market forces. Since then, China’s growth and development have been spectacular.

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