International Relations/Diplomacy
India’s Ocean- The story of India’s bid for regional leadership by David Brewster, New York: Routledge, 2014. pp228. ISBN- 978-0-415-52059-1

Indian Ocean is of critical importance to India. The Indian peninsula juts out into the Indian Ocean. In fact, this is the only ocean in the world that is named after a country. The 21st century is a maritime century; therefore, the significance of the oceans would be enhanced all over. For India, Indian Ocean becomes important more than ever before. Trade and energy routes pass through the Indian Ocean, but a new challenge has emerged in the form of the rise of China. It is in this context that David Brewster’s book requires attention.

VIF-IISS-BHC Roundtable on the Indian Ocean

On 17 October the Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) in conjuncture with the Institute of International and Strategic Studies, (IISS) London and the British High Commission organised a day-long roundtable on the Indian Ocean. The idea behind this initiative was to construct a frank and candid discussion on the interests of India and the UK in the Indian Ocean, the security concerns and objectives and explore vistas for cooperation and collaboration. Dr. Arvind Gupta, Director, VIF gave the welcome address.

Round Table Discussion on the Indo-Pacific


Seminar on ‘Shipping, Ship-ownership and Shipbuilding in India: Policies, Praxis and Prospects’

A seminar was organised on the above topic on May 16, 2019 at the Vivekananda International Foundation, New Delhi. It was a sequel to ongoing discussions on the need for greater impetus on the shipping, ship-ownership and shipbuilding sector of India. Concept Note

Release of the ‘Policy Recommendations by Quadripartite Commission on the Indian Ocean Regional Security’

Recognising that stability and security in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) is extremely important for peace, prosperity and sustainable development of the international society, the Sasakawa Peace Foundation (SPF) Japan, SPF USA, National Security College (NSC) Australia and Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) India had together formed the Quadripartite Commission on the Indian Ocean Security. Consequently, international conferences were convened in February 2017 and 2018 at New Delhi and Tokyo respectively. This was preceded by a seminar in Washington DC in April 2016.

Maritime Power through Blue Economy in the Indian context

Preface At the outset, this monograph has sought to resolve the ambiguities in comprehending the oft-used phrase ‘maritime power’. It has established that constituents are those permanent attributes which make a country easier or harder to be at sea. On the other hand enablers of maritime power are its potentials. Thus, long coastline is a constituent and the fishing industry that spawns on the coast is an enabler.

Emerging Structure of Maritime Security in the Bay of Bengal

.... Traditionally, security at sea has been theorised and interpreted rooted in traditional realist or liberalist theories. In the realist interpretation, the seas are the plains on which superpower, or regional power rivalry, takes place, whereas realist debates have been focused on increasing investments in navies by emerging powers and territorial disputes to consolidate claims on offshore resources.

Discussion on ‘India’s Security Concerns in the Indo-Pacific’

On 9th April 2018, The Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) held a round table discussion on India’s security concerns in the Indo-Pacific. The panelists were Ambassador Rajiv Sikri, Ambassador Kanwal Sibal and Captain Gurpreet Khurana.

Round Table Discussion on Bay of Bengal

Keeping Conflicts at Bay - Need for Bay of Bengal Community

Case for a Regional Maritime Security Construct for the Indo Pacific

The Indian Ocean has been the hub of major economic activity and global realpolitik since the end of the Second World War. It has assumed greater importance since the penultimate decade of the last century and will continue to remain so in the 21st century. The development and progress witnessed in South East Asia, China and India during this period has further extended this geographical construct to the western reaches of the Pacific leading to what some call the great strategic arc of the Indo-Pacific.

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